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[学驾照] 驾照理论备考资料 2018版

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上周通过了驾照理论考试,分享下备考资料 。
Braking
Standard Braking Distance (Geschwindigkeit / 10) * (Geschwindigkeit / 10)
  • (Speed / 10) * (Speed / 10)
Evasive (Emergency) Braking Distance ((Geschwindigkeit / 10) * (Geschwindigkeit / 10)) / 2
  • ((Speed / 10) * (Speed / 10)) / 2
Examples:
Standard
Speed
Braking Distance

30 km/h9 m
50 km/h25 m
60 km/h36 m
100 km/h100 m
Evasive
Speed
Braking Distance

30 km/h4.5 m
50 km/h12.5 m
60 km/h18 m
100 km/h50 m
You increase your speed from 50 km/h to 100 km/h. How is the STANDARD braking distance changed according to the rule of thumb?
  • It is quadrupled from 25 m to 100 m (100 / 10) * (100 / 10) = 100 m
What is the rule of thumb when calculating the braking distance for evasive braking on a dry, even and asphalted roadway?
  • ((Speed / 10) * 3) / 2
  • ((Speed / 10) * 5) / 2
  • ((Speed / 10) * (Speed / 10)) / 2
What is the effect of an automatic anti-locking device (ABS)?
  • The vehicle is braked in the best possible way also on wet roadways
  • Aquaplaning is prevented
  • Steering control is largely retained when braking
When braking, you note that your vehicle pulls to the right. What should you do?
  • I do not need to fix the problem, as long as I can compensate by counter-steering
  • I go to a car workshop
  • I oil the brake pads
What are the advantages of an anti-slip device (ASR)?
  • No locking of the wheels when braking
  • No wheelspin when setting off
  • Reduced danger of sliding sideways when setting off on a slippery roadway
The brake lights do not function. What can be the causes of this?
  • Defective stop light switch
  • Brake pedal travel too short
  • Defective bulbs
In which cases is it imperative to test the brakes?
  • Each time the engine oil is changed
  • When you drive a different vehicle
  • If a vehicle has not been used for a longer period
What particular characteristics of disc brakes must you remember when driving on a wet road surface?
  • As a rule, the effect of disc brakes starts earlier than on a dry road surface
  • As a rule, the effect of disc brakes starts later than on a dry road surface
You are driving on a very narrow road and can see 50 m ahead. What must be your maximum stopping distance?
  • 25 m
Moisture can impair the action of drum brakes. What should you do?
  • Apply the brakes several times while at a standstill
  • Cautiously apply the brakes while driving slowly
  • Top up the brake fluid## Drugs and Alcohol
How is the intoxicating substance in hashish broken down by the body?
  • Unevenly over an indeterminate period
In general, how long does it take before an alcohol level of 1.0 per mille (100mg/100ml) is cleared from the blood stream?
  • 5 hours
  • 10 hours
  • 1 hour
When is a drug-dependent person fit to drive a motor vehicle again?
  • If he/she has not taken drugs for one month
  • If he/she has not taken drugs for six months
  • After he/she can be shown to have stopped taking drugs for at least one year and is not likely to have a relapse# Level Crossing
Which areas must you NOT drive into/block when there is traffic congestion?
  • Level crossings
  • Crossroads
There is a light signal with the red light on and no St. Andrew's Cross before a level crossing before a road joining from the right. Where do you have to wait?
  • After I have observed the traffic, I can drive up to the level crossing
  • If there is no stop line, before the light signal
  • At the stop line
You are approaching a level crossing with half barriers and flashing lights. The red light is flashing but the barrier is still open. What do you do?
  • Wait in front of the St. Andrew's Cross
  • Proceed as long as the half barrier is open
  • If no rail vehicle is in sight, cross the level crossing## Lighting
Fog Light
Fog lights can only be switched on when the visibility is significantly impeded (rain, snow, fog).
The rear fog light can only be switched on when the visibility due to fog is less than 50 m. You can see that the rear fog light is switched on by the yellow/amber control light.
When are you allowed to use fog headlamps also during the day?
  • When the visibility is considerably reduced:
    • by rain
    • by fog or falling snow

How can you tell whether the rear fog lamp is switched on?
  • By the blue indicator light
  • By the red indicator light
  • By the amber indicator light
Parking Light (or "Limiting Light")
must be used when the vehicle is parked outside closed places.
is the one-sided lighting of the car and may only be used within closed localities.
Residual
You are driving with main beam lights on in darkness. When do you have to dip your headlights?
  • If there are pedestrians moving in the same direction in front of me
  • If I am driving on a road with constant, adequate lighting
  • If I am required to wait at a rail crossing and dazzling others
The control light of your indicator is blinking considerably faster than usual. What can be the cause of this?
  • The direction indicator switch is defective
  • A bulb is defective
Where is it permitted to flash headlights to indicate your intention to overtake?
  • In daylight outside built-up areas
  • In darkness in built-up areas
  • In darkness outside built-up areas
The rear lighting systems of your car are covered. What has to be done?
  • A luminaire rail system with all rear lighting systems:
    • need only be attached for journeys at dusk or during the hours of darkness
    • need only be attached on journeys longer than 5 km
    • must be attached in any case

You are driving in the dark with dipped headlights. Oncoming traffic flash thier headlights at you. What can this mean?
  • The light range adjustment is not adapted to your vehicle load
  • Other drivers are telling you to turn on your main beam
  • The headlamps on your vehicle are set incorrectly and are dazzling
What must you remember concerning the lighting equipment of your vehicle?
  • It must be correctly installed
  • It must be clean
  • It must be in operating condition
How can you tell while driving that an indicator lamp is not working?
  • The indicator signal light will flash faster than usual
  • You cannot detect a defective indicator lamp while driving
How can you tell - depending on the type of vehicle - whether the headlights are switched on full beam?
  • By the red indicator light
  • By the position of the switch or the blue indicator light
  • By the green indicator light
While you are driving, the airbag control light stays on constantly. What must you do?
  • Nothing because it is an indication for the garage workshop
  • Go to a garage workshop
  • Take the vehicle off the road immediately
When are you allowed to switch on rear fog lamps?
  • When fog reduces visibility to 100 m
  • When visibility is reduced by heavy rain
  • When fog reduces visibility to less than 50 m## Parking
There must be at least 3 m distance between the vehicle parked and the lane divider.
Parking is NOT permitted
Before and behind railroad crossings (St. Andrews Cross):
  • Within the village / 5 m
  • Outside the village / 50 m
  • If the crossing marker (St. Andrews Cross) would be covered by the vehicle, it may be up to 10 m in front of it not be parked.
Up to 15 m in front of and behind the traffic sign "stop"
  • boundary markers can expand this area (the white cars may not park there).
Up to 15 m before or after a bus/tram stop sign
  • parking is allowed only 15 m or more away from the stop/sign.
What is the minimum distance you must leave clear when parking outside of a built-up area before a St. Andrew's Cross?
  • 50 m
Up to what distance is it NOT allowed to park before or behind a bus or tram stop sign?
  • 15 m in both cases
On priority roads outside built-up areas
At the edge of the roadway if it would prevent others from using designated parking areas
Parking is permitted
On the left side of the road, in the direction of travel:
  • On one-way streets
  • Where there are rails on the right-hand side
Up to which permissable total mass may motor vehicles be parked on specially designated footpaths?
  • 2.80t
Residual
A beginner violates parking regulations during his trial period and must pay an on-the-spot cautionary fine. What else must he reckon with?
  • With an imposition to attend a supplementary training seminar
  • With having to pass a new driving test
  • No further measures after the on-the-spot cautionary fine has been paid
Where are parking lights sufficient when parking a car on unlit roads?
  • On the hard shoulder of autobahns
  • Outside built-up areas
  • In built-up areas
Where are you allowed to park on the left in the direction of travel?
  • Where there are rails on the right-hand side
  • Where parking is prohibited on the right
  • In one-way streets
You want to park on the right-hand edge of the roadway. What must be the minimum distance between your vehicle and the lane boundary marking?
  • 3 m
Where is parking prohibited?
  • Before sunken kerbstones
  • Immediately behind pedestrian crossings
  • At the edge of the roadway if this would prevent others from using designated parking areas
Up to which permissable total mass may motor vehicles be parked on specially designated footpaths?
  • 2.80 t
You want to park you single-axle trailer (overrun brakes, 1000 kg permissable total mass) on a slope. What must you do?
  • Pull the parking brake
  • Place wheel chocks under the wheels
  • Engage the reverse lock
What must you remember when parking a trailer without a truck?
  • The trailer
    • may be parked for more than 2 weeks on specially designated parking spaces
    • may be parked for an unlimited period of time on adequate hard shoulders
    • may not be parked for more than 2 weeks on public roads

Up to what distances before and behind crossroads and junctions is parking prohibited?
  • 5 m## Police
A police signalling disc is displayed towards you from a vehicle driving in front of you. What does this mean?
  • I may not overtake the vehicle
  • I have to follow the vehicle until it stops
  • I have to turn in the direction indicated
What can a flashing blue light (without siren) mean?
  • Without a siren, a flashing blue light does not mean anything
  • The vehicle is on duty. You should give way
  • Advance warning of a closed convoy
A vehicle with flashing blue light and siren is approaching. What do you do?
  • Drive carefully onto the pavement if necessary
  • At all events, brake hard and stop
  • Clear the way for the vehicle## Signs and Traffic Lights
Signs
Before which signs must you maintain a distance of at least 10 m if it would otherwise be concealed by your vehicle?
  • Stop/Give way
  • Diagonal cross
Traffic Lights
What is the minimum distance a vehicle must leave clear in front of traffic lights if the traffic lights would be concealed by the vehicle?
  • 10 m## Speed
Reaktionsweg = (Geschwindigkeit / 10) * 3
Reaction Distance = (Speed / 10) * 3
Examples:
Speed
Reaction Distance

30 km/h9 m
50 km/h15 m
60 km/h18 m
100 km/h30 m
You are travelling at 50 km/h and have a reaction time of 1 second. What is the reaction distance according to the rule of thumb?
  • (50 / 10) * 3 = 15 m
You are travelling at 50 km/h and have a reaction time of 1 second, and brake normally. What is the stopping distance according to the rule of thumb?
  • 25 m (Speed / 10) * (Speed / 10) BRAKING DISTANCE
  • 15 m (Speed / 10) * 3 REACTION DISTANCE
  • 25 + 15 = 40 m
What is the maximum speed a truck with a permissible total mass of 3.0 t and trailer may be driven on autobahns?
  • 80 km/h
What is the maximum speed you are allowed to drive a truck with a permissable total mass of 3.0 t on roads with one marked lane for each direction outside built-up areas?
  • 100 km/h
What is the maximum speed you are allowed to drive a truck with a 3.0 t gross vehicle weight rating with trailer on roads outside of settlements?
  • 80 km/h
You drive around a bend once at 30 km/h and again at 60 km/h. How dows the centrifugal force change?
  • is twice as high
  • is four times as high
  • is the same
On what roads does the recommended speed of 130 km/h apply?
  • Motorways
  • On vehicle roadways not inside a built-up area, with separate carriageways for each direction
  • On vehicle roadways not inside a built-up area, with at least two marked lanes for each direction
What increases the danger of "flying out" of a bend when driving at high speed?
  • Accelerating
  • Braking
  • Disengaging the clutch
How can you drive fuel-efficiently when traveling at a constant speed?
  • By driving at a low engine speed
  • By using cruise control
  • By driving at a high engine speed
When leaving a built-up area, both you and the vehicle approximately 15 m ahead of you increase speed from 50 km/h to 100 km/h. How should you change the safety distance between you and the vehicle ahead?
  • The safety distance should
    • increase to at least 50 m
    • remain the same
    • increase to at least 25 m

You are driving at 80 km/h behind a motor vehicle. What is the minimum safe distance you must observe?
  • A distance of 15 meters
  • A "distance of 1 second"
  • A "distance of 2 seconds"
You are driving at 100 km/h on a road not inside a built-up area. In front of you a trick is travelling at 70 km/h. What is the minimum distance you must be from a crest in the road when commencing an overtaking manoeuvre?
  • 200 m
  • 800 m
  • 400 m
What is the recommended speed that applies to cars and motorcycles on autobahns?
  • 130 km/h
Where does driving fast often lead to accidents?
  • On bends
  • At pedestrian crossings
  • At crossroads and junctions
What is the maximum speed you are allowed to drive a car on roads with one marked lane for each direction outside built-up areas?
  • 100 km/h
You are travelling at 100 km/h and have a reaction time of 1 second. What is the reaction distance according to the rule of thumb?
  • (100 / 10) * 3 = 30 m
You are driving in fog on the autobahn and have 50 m visibility. What is the maximum speed you may drive?
  • 70 km/h
  • 90 km/h
  • 50 km/h
What is especially important when choosing the speed for driving along tree-lined avenues with narrow roadways?
  • It may be necessary to stop within half the visible distance when a wide vehicle is coming from the opposite direction
  • Rapidly changing light conditions make it easier to estimate lateral distances
  • To estimate the lateral distance to the trees and oncoming traffic simultaneously
What is the maximum speed a motor vehicle fitted with snow chains is allowed to travel?
  • 50 km/h
What is the maximum speed you are allowed to drive a car with a trailer on roads outside of built-up areas?
  • 80 km/h## Tires
What must you remember, particularly when driving with winter tires (M + S)?
  • The maximum permissable speed for cars fitted with snow chains applies
  • The maximum permissable speed for these tires may not be exceeded
  • You may not drive faster than 80 km/h
What must you remember when fitting winter tires (M + S)?
  • Driving characteristics can be different on dry roadways
  • The air pressure should be lower than with summer tires
  • The air pressure should be slightly higher than with summer tires (approx. 0.2 bar)
What must you remember with regard to tire pressure?
  • To increase the pressure to the level stated in the vehicle manual when the vehicle is heavily loaded
  • To check the air pressure regularly, including that of the spare wheel
  • To reduce the air pressure before longer trips
What can extend tire life?
  • Avoiding high speeds
  • Observing the tire pressure indicated in the owner's manual
What do you have to check the tires on your vehicle at regular intervals for?
  • For correct air pressure
  • For sufficient profile
  • For external damage
1.6 mm: Minimum profile depth of a tire throughout its circumference.
What is caused by driving with winter tires during the summer months?
  • It increases:
    • driving stability
    • the fuel consumption
    • tire wear

What can be the reason for a tire on front axle wearing on one side more than the other?
  • Steering axle is bent
  • Track alignment not in order
What can you check on your tire?
  • Profile
  • Uniform wear of the profile
  • The age of the tire
Tire wear is a burden to the environment. What can extend tire life?
  • Using winter tires (M + S) in the summer
  • Observing the tire pressure indicated in the owner's manual
  • Avoiding high speeds
One of your tires bursts while you are traveling at high speed on an autobahn. What do you do?
  • Throttle down, if necessary, steer against and brake cautiously
  • Stop, if possible, on the hard shoulder, switch on hazard warning lights and place the warning triangle
  • Immediately apply the brakes fully and move over onto the hard shoulder
What can be the reason for a tire on the front axle wearing on one side more than the other?
  • Track alignment is not in order
  • Steering axle is bent## Towing, Hauling, Load
Towing
What must you remember when towing?
  • Tow-rope/tow-bar must be clearly marked
  • The distance between the vehicles (car/trailer) must not exceed 5 m
What must you bear in mind when loading a single-axle trailer?
  • The permissible:
    • load of the coupling
    • total mass
    • axle load

What must you remember when loading a trailer?
  • The load:
    • must not project more than 1 m beyond the rear reflectors unless specially marked
    • must be securely packed
    • must not project more than 1 m beyond the front of the towing vehicle

What changes when a caravan trailer is towed?
  • The distance for overtaking increases considerably
  • Hasty movements of the steering wheel increase the danger of skidding
What must you check on a car with a caravan trailer before setting out on a journey?
  • Whether the view through the rear-view mirrors is adequate
  • Whether the lights of the trailer are working
  • Whether the passengers in the caravan trailer have put on their safety belts
What must you remember when you want to use a trailer with overrun brakes behind your car?
  • The permissable total mass of the trailer must not exceed the towed load permitted for the car
  • The permissable maximum speed of this combination of vehicles is 60 km/h, also on autobahns
  • The breakaway cable is connected to the towing vehicle
What is the maximum number of trailers allowed to be towed by a class B truck?
  • 1 trailer
You want to drive a vehicle with a trailer equipped with overrun braking. What do you have to check before beginning the journey?
  • I check:
    • that the connecting device is locked
    • that the breakaway cable is attached
    • that the lighting system is working

What must you do after coupling up a single-axle trailer with overrun brakes?
  • Attach the breakaway cable to the coupling of the motor vehicle
  • Raise the jack wheel, if fitted, to the highest setting
  • Check that the brakes are working
What must you remember when towing?
  • The distance between the vehicles must not exceed 5 m
  • Tow-rope/tow-bar must be clearly marked
  • Motorcycles may only be towed with a fixed connection
Your car has a fault and can no longer be driven. What must you be aware of during towing?
  • During towing:
    • the motorway may only be used to shorten the journey to the next car garage
    • the towing cable should be kept as taut as possible
    • the hazard lights must be switched on on both vehicles

Your car has a fault and can no longer be driven. What must you be aware of during towing?
  • During towing
    • the force required to operate the brake pedal is significantly greater if the engine has failed
    • a towing bar should be used where possible
    • the rear fog lights should also be switched on to indicate the towing procedure

What must you remember when loading a trailer?
  • The load
    • must be securely packed
    • must not project more than 1 m beyond the front of the towing vehicle
    • must not project more than 1 m beyond the rear reflectors, unless specially marked

You are holding a driving permit class B. Your car has the following specifications:
  • empty mass 1900 kg
  • permissable total mass 2400 kg
  • permissable towed load 1500 kg
Which trailer are you allowed to tow?
  • A trailer with a permissable total mass of:
    • 1200 kg
    • 1000 kg
    • 1500 kg

When does the braking action of a trailer with overrun brakes start?
  • When the brake pedal in the truck is activated
  • When the trailer runs up to the truck
  • Before the braking action of the truck starts, so that the truck and trailer remain extended
When must a car with trailer driving outside built-up areas on roads with only one lane for each direction keep a sufficient distance from the car in front so that an overtaking vehicle may pull in?
  • When the combination of vehicles exceeds 7 m
You want to tow another vehicle with your car. What must you know?
  • You must at least have a driving permit class B
  • You must at least have a driving permit class BE
You are in your car towing a trailer which has no brakes and you approach a long steep downhill slope. What is correct?
  • Make allowance for the pushing effect of the trailer
  • Relieve the car brakes by disengaging the clutch at frequent intervals
  • Reduce speed, if necessary, engage low gear in time, be ready to brake
You want to tow a single-axle caravan trailer behind your car. What must you check?
  • If additional rear-view mirrors must be mounted because of the width of the trailer
  • If the permissible trailer load or the permissible coupling of the car are exceeded
  • If the trailer is licensed to transport passengers
What must you remember when driving a truck and trailer with a trailer equipped with overrun brakes?
  • In the case of certain trailers, the "reverse lock" must be engaged before reversing
  • Reversing without problem is not possible for all trailers
  • In the case of certain trailers, the "reverse lock" must be engaged before advancing
Which dangerous defects can have occurred on a trailer with overrun brakes which has been parked for some time?
  • The brakes may not work because of rust
  • Cable connections can be defective
  • Tire pressure may have increased greatly due to exposure to the sun
Where can you find details about the permissable brake-equipped towable mass for your car?
  • In the driving license
  • In the Motor Vehicle Registration
  • In the insurance certificate
A car with servo brakes has broken down with engine damage. What is correct when towing the car away?
  • The car being towed can only achieve slight braking effect even when increased pressure is applied to the pedal
  • If possible, use a tow-bar
  • The action of the foot brake is not impaired by the engine not running
A single-axle trailer has an actual gross weight of 600 kg. What is the minimum possible vertical load?
  • 60 kg (= 10%)
  • 24 kg (= 4%)
  • 90 kg (= 15%)
You want to attach a trailer to your car. Where will you find the maximum permissible vertical loading of your car?
  • In the
    • Registration certificate Part II (Motor Vehicle Title)
    • Registration certificate Part I (Motor Vehicle Registration)
    • operating manual

Load
2.5 m: Max. height a load is allowed to project above of the vehicle. In other words, the load may not exceed a height of 2.5 m above the vehicle
2.5 m: Max. height for a load to project up to 50 cm in front of the vehicle
Up to what height is a load not allowed to project over the front of the vehicle?
  • 2.50 m
What can be the effect of an overload of only 20%?
  • The brakes may be overstrained
  • Steering may become worse
  • There may be too much strain on the load-bearing parts of the vehicle
You want to transport holiday luggage on the roof of your fully loaded car. What is the roof load limited by?
  • The permissable total mass of the car
  • The roof load indicated in the vehicle registration certificate (Fahrzeugschein)
  • The stipulations of the vehicle's manufacturer in the owner's manual
Are you allowed to transport persons on the loading platform of your truck?
  • Yes, if they must carry out necessary work (ed. note: fire brigade, sanitation)
  • Yes, to secure the load
  • Yes, if they have to accompany the load
Where should you store your luggage if possible in order to save fuel?
  • In the boot
  • On a roof rack
How must a load be marked in darkness or bad visibility when it extends laterally more than 40 cm beyond the side lights of the vehicle?
  • By switching on the hazard warning lights
  • By a red light to the back
  • By a white light to the front
What must you remember if you want to transport a load with your motor vehicle?
  • The load must be secured and may not cause unnecesarry noise
  • Single objects (e.g. poles, rods and horizontal boards) may project beyond the sides of the vehicle
What is the maximum height allowed above the roadway for a red light marking a load extending to the back?
  • 2.50 m
  • 2.00 m
  • 1.50 m
What must you do to avoid endangering others by equipment or load which has fallen off your vehicle?
  • Depending on the situation,
    • secure the danger spot and immediately inform the road service or police
    • remove the parts yourself
    • proceed and inform the nearest municipal office

What must you reckon with when transporting luggage on the roof of your car?
  • The vehicle inclines more on bends
  • The vehicle's susceptibility to side wind is greater
  • The vehicle's readhandling is improved on account of the higher center of gravity
Under what conditions is a load allowed to project over the front of a vehicle?
  • If the load does not project over more than 50 cm and is above a height of 2.50 m
  • If the load is marked with a red light
Hauling
What must be remembered with regard to vehicles with canvas covers?
  • When vehicles have canvas covers, a load must not be specially secured
  • The canvas covers must not obstruct the driver's rear view through the outside mirrors
  • Unloaded trailers with high canvas cover superstructure are particularly sensitive to side wind## Traffic
Which are the areas you must NOT drive into when there is traffic congestion?
  • Pedestrian crossings
  • Bus stops with "zig-zag lines"
  • Junctions
Where are U-turns prohibited?
  • On autobahns
  • On farm or forest tracks
  • On clearways for motor vehicles only
What do you have to particulary remember at crossroads and junctions in a built-up area?
  • The rule "right before left" applies without exception at all crossroads and junctions
  • A better developed road always has priority
  • Intersecting roads may have priority even though they are narrow and less well developed
You are approaching a crossroads where the priority situation is not clear to you straightaway. What do you do?
  • Wait, observe and come to an agreement with others, if necessary
  • Proceed according to the rule "right before left"
  • Always proceed when driving straight ahead
You want to turn left. What difficulties could arise here?
  • Visibility restrictions caused by oncoming vehicles
  • Traffic turning left can come dangerously close
  • Misunderstandings with oncoming traffic turning left
In what situations is the alternate merging procedure to be used?
  • When lanes come to an end
  • Where merging lanes join
  • If lanes are not continuously free to traffic due to an obstacle
What is the minimum distance that should normally be maintained from the vehicle in front outside built-up areas?
  • 1/2 the speedometer reading in meters
  • 1/5 the speedometer reading in meters
What applies on clearways for motor vehicles only?
  • No U-turns
  • Join the clearway only at crossroads and junctions
  • In darkness, you may drive faster than the range of visibility allowed by dipped headlights
Why does environment friendly driving in general have a beneficial effect on traffic safety?
  • Because you can only drive slowly using alternative fuels
  • Because drivers think ahead when traveling, so that possible dangers can be recognized in time and well avoided
  • Because environment friendly driving avoids high speeds so that dangerous situations occur less frequently
You want to overtake on a narrow avenue not within a built-up area. What must you be aware of in particular?
  • Misjudgments of distances and oncoming traffic frequently result in serious accidents
  • Vehicles with high superstructures frequently move to avoid branches
  • Even cyclists frequently cannot be overtaken when there is oncoming traffic due to the narrow width of the roadway
What leads frequently to serious accidents when overtaking on autobahns?
  • Driving at twice the safe distance
  • Driving too close to the vehicle in front
  • Not keeping a close enough eye on the traffic situation behind
Between what hours does the Sunday and public holiday driving ban apply?
  • From 0 hours to 22 hours
To which vehicles does the Sunday and public holiday driving ban apply?
  • All trucks with trailers
  • Truck tractors with trailers
  • Trucks with a permissible total mass exceeding 7.5 t
You are driving a slow-moving vehicle on a rural road. A line of vehicles is forming behind you. What should you do?
  • I allow the vehicles behind me to overtake
  • I switch on my hazard lights and drive as far to the right as possible
  • I come to a stop at a suitable place if this is the only way the vehicles behind me can overtake
You want to overtake cyclists. What should be noted when selecting the distance between the cyclists and the car?
  • 1.0 m between the cyclist and the car is always sufficient
  • The speed of my vehicle
  • How the cyclists are acting
On which side must you overtake a tram which is traveling in the middle of the roadway (not a one-way street)?
  • On the right
  • On the left
  • On the left only if other vehicles are blocking the roadway on the right
When may a tram be overtaken on the left?
  • In one-way streets
  • When the roadway (not a one-way street) to the right of the tram is blocked by other vehicles
  • When the rails run too far to the right
At which places where there are no traffic signs regulating priority does the rule "right before left" apply?
  • At junctions with sunken kerbstone
  • At crossroads and junctions
  • At junctions of farm tracks or forest tracks with other roads
What do you do when a bus has stopped at a bus stop with its hazard warning lights switched on?
  • Drive past at a sufficient distance in order to exclude endangering pedestrians
  • Wait if passengers could be inconvenienced
  • Drive past at walking speed only and, if necessary, stop
What must you do when you are being overtaken?
  • If possible, drive on the far right
  • Increase your speed
  • Not increase your speed
When are you not allowed to use a motor vehicle on public roads?
  • When there is no motor liability insurance
  • When it is not roadworthy
  • When you are not in the possession of the vehicle registration book (Fahrzeugbrief)
What is required when your vehicle is no longer covered by motor liability insurance?
  • The vehicle
    • may no longer be used in road traffic
    • must be submitted to the registration center
    • must be de-registered at the registration center

Who is responsible for the roadworthiness of a licensed vehicle?
  • The driver
  • The motor liability insurance company
  • The owner
What do you do when driving through a tunnel?
  • Memorize signs for safety installations such as emergency exits and emergency telephones
  • Reduce the safety distance and keep to the tail lights of the vehicle driving ahead of you
  • In case of oncoming traffic, keep to the right side of the road
You are driving in a merging lane. What should you do?
  • Accelerate appropriately, do not pull up if possible, merge while observing the right of way
  • Drive past to the right of slower-moving vehicles driving on the through-lane and merge in before them
  • Always drive to the end of the merging lane, pull up there and enter lane
You are driving on the autobahn in light traffic. How long are you allowed to stay in the left-hand lane?
  • As long as you are driving behind a vehicle which is overtaking in the left-hand lane
  • All the time, provided no other vehicle wants to overtake you
  • As long as is necessary to overtake other vehicles
You want to overtake cyclists on a narrow road. The width of the road means that the maximum possible space between them and the car is 50 cm. What should you do?
  • I give a short warning signal before overtaking
  • I overtake at a moderate speed
  • I refrain from overtaking
You are approaching a level crossing with barriers. Where must you wait if you would have to stop on the rails in case of traffice congestion?
  • In front of the St. Andrew's Cross
  • Just before the rails
  • Level with the barrier
Why are short journeys performed with a cold engine especially damaging to the environment?
  • Because driving with a cold engine means
    • the vehicle's battery will be overcharged
    • more fuel is consumed
    • the level of material wear is higher

You are driving a slow-moving vehicle on a main road. How can you facilitate faster-moving vehicles in overtaking?
  • By moving
    • into a lay-by
    • onto the hard shoulder
    • onto the parking area

What makes driving in a stream of vehicles easier?
  • Driving in a slightly staggered position in your own lane
  • Watching the queue through the windows of the vehicles travelling in front
  • Keeping your hazard warning lights switched on when driving
What applies from this traffic sign (yellow village sign, like Girath) onwards?
  • Maximum permissable speed 50 km/h
  • Free choice of marked driving lanes for motor vehicles with a permissible total mass up to 3.5 t
  • Free choice of marked driving lanes for all motor vehicles
What applies from this traffic sign (yellow village sign, like Girath) onwards?
  • Parking cars may be safely marked with parking light
  • You may not sound your horn to signal your intention to overtake
  • You may drive with parking light in the darkness
You want to turn left and the lights are "green." On your left there is a tram wanting to proceed straight ahead. What is correct?
  • The tram must wait
  • You must wait
  • You must come to an agreement since there are no rules for this
You are driving on an avenue with a narrow carriageway. What must you be aware of?
  • I may only drive at a speed that allows me to stop within half of my range of vision
  • Conflicts can arise with the oncoming traffic
  • I have to anticipate unevenness at the edge of the carriageway caused by tree roots
What documents do you have to carry with you if you want to drive a compulsory registrable vehicle?
  • The registration certificate Part II (Motor Vehicle Title)
  • My driving license
  • The registration certificiate Part I (Motor Vehicle Registration)
You are driving on a road not within a built-up area and want to overtake a car. Where is the very latest point at which the overtaking manoeuvre should be completed?
  • Before the start of a solid line (traffic lane boundary)
  • Before a no-overtaking sign for vehicles of all types
  • Before the start of a lane marking
On a road not within a built-up area, a car is driving in front of you at a speed somewhat slower than that permitted. You are annoyed at the slower-moving car. What should you do?
  • I overtake at a suitable place
  • I flash my headlights, until the car in front begins to drive faster
  • I adjust my speed to that of the vehicle ahead
What do white plates with a black "A" on a truck mean?
  • The truck
    • is transporting dangerous goods
    • is driven by a beginner
    • is transporting waste materials

You want to leave a traffic-calming zone and begin driving along a road. What should you do?
  • I have to
    • allow pedestrians on the footpath to walk past
    • indicate the direction of movement prior to taking the turn
    • observe the "right before left" rule

You want to leave a traffic-calming zone and begin driving along a road. Cyclists are approaching from the left. Who is required to wait?
  • Everyone is required to stop and then agree among one another who should proceed first
  • The cyclists have to wait
  • I have to wait
Which motor vehicles may freely choose their lane inside build-up areas?
  • All motor vehicles with a permissible total mass of up to 3.50 t
Two vehicles are approaching each other. Both want to turn left. In which cases are you not allowed to turn left in front of each other?
  • When the approaching vehicle wanting to turn left stops just before the middle of the crossroads
  • When this is forbidden by lane markings
  • When you notice that the approaching vehicle wanting to turn left wishes to turn behind your vehicle
While driving through a tunnel, you notice a fire in your vehicle. You are not able to exit the tunnel. What should you do?
  • I bring the vehicle to a halt as far to the right-side of the roadway as possible or park it in an emergency lay-by and
    • leave the key in the ignition
    • switch off the engine
    • turn on the hazard warning system

You want to leave a property lot and turn into a road while passing over a footpath. What must you look out for?
  • You should be directed by another person if necessary
  • First take note of the flowing traffic on the road
  • Pedestrians on the footpath may not be endangered
What is the correct procedure for pulling out to overtake? [NOTE: These answers may be incorrect for this question]
  • The vehicle in front indicates right
  • Any danger to traffic following is excluded
  • Oncoming traffic is not endangered
Which vehicles may be overtaken only by maintaining a specially great lateral distance?
  • Trams
  • Bicycles
  • Motorcycles## Faults
The windscreen washer does not work. What can be the reason for this?
  • Defective fuse
  • Blocked jets
  • No water in the reservoir
License / Permit
An applicant for a driving permit is caught driving a motor vehicle without a license during his training period. Can this be a reason not to issue a driving permit to him?
  • No, because only physical and mental characteristics are decisive
  • Yes, because this creates doubts about his character
Modifications
A technical modification to your vehicle means that the operating license is extinguished. What consequences should you anticipate if you nevertheless use the vehicle on public roads?
  • An entry into the Central Register of Road Traffic Offenders
  • A public authority fine
  • The loss of my insurance coverage
Noise Pollution
How can you reduce the noise made by a car?
  • By driving at a low engine speed
  • By using all-terrain tires
  • By removing the air filter
What causes avoidable noise?
  • Driving with a roof rack
  • Firmly slamming doors shut
  • Sounding the horn as a greeting
Pedestrians
A pedestrian with a white stick wants to cross the road in front of you. What should you do?
  • I have to:
    • reduce speed and stop if necessary
    • continue driving at the same speed
    • give a warning signal

You come to a stop unexpectedly on a pedestrian crossing. What do you do?
  • Move half onto the footpath in order to clear the crossing
  • Reverse under no circumstances, even though the roadway is clear behind you
  • Move slightly forward or backward in order to clear the crossing as quickly as possible
Pollution
What is important to avoid pollution and to save energy when driving?
  • Was the engine regularly, at least four times a year
  • Have the engine tuning checked regularly
  • Check the fuel consumption regularly
By which percentage does the fuel consumption (l/100 km) of a middle-class car driving at 160 km/h in general increase compared to driving at the recommended speed of 130 km/h?
  • By up to 5%
  • By up to 10%
  • By up to 35%
How can you save fuel when driving a motor vehicle with automatic transmission?
  • By driving in gear "P", if possible
  • By not using the "kick down" facility, if possible
  • When driving in town traffic, always keep the selector lever in the lowest gear
What must you know about catalytic converters?
  • Unburned fuel in the catalytic converter cannot cause any damage when the engine starts
  • A catalytic converter can be damaged when the engine starts after many unsuccessful attempts
  • A catalytic converter can be damaged or destroyed when the car is towed to start
Probation
You are currently in the probationary period and to date have not come to the attention of the authorities. What consequences may result if you fail to observe the traffic sign "Stop. Give way." and thereby endanger other road users?
  • Entry into the Central Register of Road Traffice Offenders
  • An order to resit a theoretical driving licence test
  • An order to attend an advanced seminar for new drivers
Safety
Why is it dangerous not to wear safety belts?
  • Because you cannot adequately protect yourself in case of an impact at a speed of about 20 km/h
  • Because in case of an accident, you can be projected out of the vehicle
  • Because of the low speed, there is no danger in urban traffic
Your vehicle has no headrests on the rear seats. What can happen if your passengers sit there?
  • Risk of injury is not increased
  • In the event of a rear-end collision, the risk of injury to such passengers increases
What must you observe if you wish to drive a vehicle with front passenger air bag?
  • You may install a child restraint on the front passenger seat facing backwards
  • You may install a child restraint on the front passenger seat facing forwards
  • You may not install a child restraint on the front passenger seat facing backwards
When is it NOT necessary to wear safety belts?
  • Outside build-up areas in a vehicle with airbag
  • When driving in zones with 30 km/h speed limit
  • When driving at walking speed
At which impact speed must you reckon with serious or deadly injuries when no safety belt is worn?
  • From 80 km/h onward
  • From 50 km/h onward
  • From 30 km/h onward
How do you pass through an incline safely?
  • I take my foot off the accelerator completely and
    • switch the ignition off
    • drive in neutral
    • select a gear in which I am not required to brake a great deal

Skidding
What can cause skidding on bends?
  • Load is too small
  • Faulty shock-absorbers
  • Insufficient or uneven tire pressure
Slopes/Downhill
Why should you not apply the clutch when driving on a long, steep downhill slope?
  • Because this causes unnecessary wear of the brakes
  • Because the braking action of the engine will have no effect
Why should you not press the clutch and switch off the engine at the same time when driving down a long slope?
  • The battery will be overcharged
  • Full braking power cannot be reached in vehicles with brake booster system despite great force being applied to the pedal
  • The steering of vehicles with servo-assisted steering immediately becomes unusually heavy
Steering
Servo-steering = Power Steering
What does a front-wheel drive car tend to do if you accelerate too much on a bend?
  • The vehicle tends to oversteer
  • The front end tends to turn out to the side
  • The rear end tends to turn out to the side
When can strong side wind be particularly dangerous?
  • When driving past firebreaks in forests
  • When driving across bridges
  • When overtaking trucks
Stopping
3 min: Max. time allowed to stop at bus stop provided there is no obstruction to busses.
Where is it forbidden to stop?
  • On lanes marked with direction arrows
  • In front of entrances to and exits from property lots
  • On merging and demerging lanes
Where is stopping prohibited?
  • On level crossings
  • Immediately behind pedestrian crossings
  • On narrow sections of the road and at blind spots
Theft
How must you safeguard your vehicle against theft?
  • By locking the doors and boot
  • By activating the differential lock
  • By removing the ignition key, engaging the steering wheel lock, and closing the windows
Trees
What are the special conditions when driving along tree-lined avenues?
  • The trees provide protection from the sides
  • The narrow and often cambered roadway requires special caution when there is oncoming traffic
  • There are particularly narrow and blind bends
What is especially important when choosing the speed for driving along tree-lined avenues with narrow roadways?
  • It may be necessary to stop within half the visible distance when a wide vehicle is coming from the opposite direction
  • Rapidly changing light conditions make it easier to estimate lateral distances
  • To estimate the lateral distance to the trees and oncoming traffic simultaneously
Vehicle
How can you tell when you must present your vehicle for the next official inspection (Hauptuntersuchung)?
  • By the kilometer reading
  • By the entry in the vehicle registration certificate (Fahrzeugschein)
  • By the test stamp
The diesel engine of your vehicle has stopped despite a full fuel tank. What can be the reason?
  • Faulty glow plugs
  • Blocked fuel filter
  • Air in the fuel system
Visibility
How can you achieve sufficient visability through the windscreen?
  • When there is slush, switch on the windscreen wipers already before slush is thrown onto your windscreen by other vehicles
  • When the windscreen is steamed up, switch the ventilator off and keep the windows closed
  • Switch on the windscreen wipers from time to time when it is foggy
Wet Surfaces
What can cause aquaplaning on wet road surfaces?
  • Worn tires
  • High speed
  • Grooves in the roadway
Where does aquaplaning (sliding on we roads) occur particularly often?
  • At level crossings
  • In dips in the roadway
  • Where there are grooves in the roadway
You are driving in the wet in a car with trailer on a narrow rural road and are approaching a clearly visible but tight left-hand bend. What should you do?
  • I only brake once I have reached the apex of the bend
  • I remain in the center of the lane and only accelerate again once I am back on the straight
  • I reduce my speed before the bend
Youth
Serious accidents frequently occur when young people drive cars during night-time recreational drives at weekends. What causes can be particularly relevant here?
  • Inappropriate speed
  • Hesitant driving style
  • High risk readiness
What is the normal trial period?
  • 2 years
  • 1 year
  • 3 years

Die von den Nutzern eingestellten Information und Meinungen sind nicht eigene Informationen und Meinungen der DOLC GmbH.

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 楼主| 发表于 2018-3-9 23:44 | 显示全部楼层
德华旅行社
呃呃,内容复制到帖子里,格式全没有了。
What is the rule of thumb when calculating the braking distance for evasive braking on a dry, even and asphalted roadway?
  • ((Speed / 10) * 3) / 2
  • ((Speed / 10) * 5) / 2
  • ((Speed / 10) * (Speed / 10)) / 2

点评

你这复制的,看不到正确答案啊  发表于 2018-3-12 13:44
Die von den Nutzern eingestellten Information und Meinungen sind nicht eigene Informationen und Meinungen der DOLC GmbH.

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发表于 2018-3-13 09:43 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2018-5-23 20:59 | 显示全部楼层
重新整理了一份保留正确答案的PDF。

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发表于 2018-6-11 13:18 | 显示全部楼层
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